ABOUT CANCER IN CANADA
Cancer strikes males and females, young and old, and those in different regions across Canada on a decidedly uneven basis. This section examines incidence and mortality by sex, age and geographic region to see how cancer affects people in Canada.
Incidence & Mortality
Cancer is the leading cause of death in Canada and is responsible for over 30% of all deaths.
Four cancers—prostate, breast, lung and colorectal—together are expected to account for more than half (about 50%) of all new cases diagnosed in Canada in 2016.
Cancer primarily affects Canadians over the age of 50, as 89% of all new cases are diagnosed in people in this age group.
In 2016, it is estimated that 89% of all cancers will be diagnosed in Canadians age 50 years and over, while 44% will occur in Canadians 70 years of age and older.
Increases in the number of new cases are largely due to a growing and aging population.
Every day, 555 Canadians will be diagnosed with cancer and 216 will die. Every hour, an estimated 23 people will be diagnosed with cancer, and nine will die.
In 2016, an estimated 202,400 new cases of cancer and 78,800 cancer deaths will occur Canada.
An estimated 2 in 5 Canadians will develop cancer in their lifetimes, and 1 in 4 will die from it.
Prevalence is the total number of people living with a diagnosis of cancer at a certain point in time. This statistic can be useful in planning healthcare services for people recently diagnosed with cancer and for cancer survivors.
In 2009, about 810,045 Canadians diagnosed with cancer in the previous 10 years were alive. This represented about 2.4% of the Canadian population or 1 out of every 42 Canadians.
The number of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Canada is increasing, but survival rates are also increasing.
An estimated 51,900 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in Quebec and 21,300 will die of the disease in 2016.
In 2016, it is estimated that approximately 4,700 Quebec men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and about 860 will die from the disease.
Lung cancer is the leading cancer-related cause of death among both men and women. Nearly a third of all cancer deaths in Quebec—that is 31%—are due to lung cancer alone.
For more information, go to Canadian Cancer Statistics publication.
For men in Quebec, prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer.
For women in Quebec, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed type of cancer.
In 2016, it is estimated that approximately 6,300 women in Quebec will be diagnosed with breast cancer, and about 1,300 will die from it.
In 2016, an estimated 8,600 men and women in Quebec will be diagnosed with lung cancer in Quebec and about 6,500 will die from this type of cancer.
In 2016, an estimated 6,700 men and women in Quebec will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer and about 2,550 will die of the disease.
For more information, go to Canadian Cancer Statistics Publication.
Source: Canadian Cancer Societ